Probing the dynamical and X-ray mass proxies of the cluster of galaxies Abell S1101⋆
1 Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
2 Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany
3 Department for Astrophysics University of Vienna, Türkenschanzstr. 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria
4 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstr. 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
Received: 2 June 2016
Accepted: 23 August 2016
Context. The galaxy cluster Abell S1101 (S1101 hereafter) deviates significantly from the X-ray luminosity versus velocity dispersion relation (L−σ) of galaxy clusters in our previous study. Given reliable X-ray luminosity measurement combining XMM-Newton and ROSAT, this could most likely be caused by the bias in the velocity dispersion due to interlopers and low member statistic in the previous sample of member galaxies, which was solely based on 20 galaxy redshifts drawn from the literature.
Aims. We intend to increase the galaxy member statistics to perform precision measurements of the velocity dispersion and dynamical mass of S1101. We aim for a detailed substructure and dynamical state characterization of this cluster, and a comparison of mass estimates derived from (i) the velocity dispersion (Mvir), (ii) the caustic mass computation (Mcaustic), and (iii) mass proxies from X-ray observations and the Sunyaev-Zel’dovich (SZ) effect.
Methods. We carried out new optical spectroscopic observations of the galaxies in this cluster field with VIMOS, obtaining a sample of ~60 member galaxies for S1101. We revised the cluster redshift and velocity dispersion measurements based on this sample and also applied the Dressler-Shectman substructure test.
Results. The completeness of cluster members within r200 was significantly improved for this cluster. Tests for dynamical substructure do not show evidence of major disturbances or merging activities in S1101. We find good agreement between the dynamical cluster mass measurements and X-ray mass estimates, which confirms the relaxed state of the cluster displayed in the 2D substructure test. The SZ mass proxy is slightly higher than the other estimates. The updated measurement of σ erased the deviation of S1101 in the L−σ relation. We also noticed a background structure in the cluster field of S1101. This structure is a galaxy group that is very close to the cluster S1101 in projection but at almost twice its redshift. However the mass of this structure is too low to significantly bias the observed bolometric X-ray luminosity of S1101. Hence, we can conclude that the deviation of S1101 in the L−σ relation in our previous study can be explained by low member statistics and galaxy interlopers, which are known to introduce biases in the estimated velocity dispersion.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell S1101 / cosmology: observations / X-rays: galaxies: clusters / galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / methods: data analysis
© ESO, 2016