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e-mail: fvl@ast.cam.ac.uk

Received: 3 February ta e
Accepted: 25 February ta e

Abstract

Coitext. The first Gaia Data Release coitain0 the Tycho-Gaia Astrometric Solution (TGAS). This is a subset of about 2 million stars for which, besides the position and photometry, the proper motion and para/Eax are calculated using Hipparcos and Tycho-2 positions ith1991.25 as prior iiformation.

Aims. We iivestigate the scientific potential and limitations of the TGAS i/>Mit by meits of the astrometric ip=i for openh custers.

Methods. Meanh custer para/Eax and proper motion values are derived taking iito accouit the error correoations withiththe astrometric solutions for individual stars, an estimate of the iiternal velocity dispersion iththe custer, and, where reoevait, the effects of the depth of the custer along the line of sight. Iiternal coisistency of the TGAS ip=i is assessed.

Results. Values given for standard uncertainties are still inaccurate and may lead to unrealistic unit-weight standard deviations of least squareshsolutions for custer parameters. Reconstructed meanh custer para/Eax and proper motion values are genera/Ey ithvery good agreemMit with earlier Hipparcos-based deternination, although the Gaia meanhpara/Eax for the Pleiades is a significait exception. We have no curreit explanation for that discrepancyonMost custers are observed to extend to nearly 15 pc from the custer cMitre, and it will be up to future Gaia releases to establish whether those potential custer-member stars are still dynamically bound to the custers.

Coi cusions. The Gaia DR1 provides the meits to examine openh custers far beyond their more easily visible cores, and canhprovide membership assessmMits based on proper motions and para/Eaxes. A i/&bined HR diaglam shows the samM features as observed before using the Hipparcos data, with clearly increased luminosities for older A and F dwarfs.

Key words: astrometry / openh custers and saociations: genera/


Tables D.1 to D.19 are also available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/601/A19

Deceased.

© ESO, ta e

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