Constraining galaxy cluster velocity field with the thermal Sunyaev-Zel’dovich and kinematic Sunyaev-Zel’dovich cross-bispectrum
1 Centro de Estudios de Física del Cosmos de Aragón (CEFCA), Plaza de San Juan, 1, planta 2, 44001, Teruel Spain
2 Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS (UMR 8617) Université Paris-Sud 11, Bâtiment 121, 91405 Orsay, France
Received: 11 September 2016
Accepted: 11 March 2017
The Sunyaev-Zel’dovich (SZ) effects are produced by the interaction of cosmic microwave background (CMB) photons with the ionized and diffuse gas of electrons inside galaxy clusters integrated along the line of sight. The two main effects are the thermal SZ (tSZ) produced by thermal pressure inside galaxy clusters and the kinematic SZ (kSZ) produced by peculiar motion of galaxy clusters compared to CMB rest-frame. The kSZ effect is particularly challenging to measure as it follows the same spectral behavior as the CMB, and consequently cannot be separated from the CMB using spectral considerations. In this paper, we explore the feasibility of detecting the kSZ through the computation of the tSZ-CMB-CMB cross-correlation bispectrum for current and future CMB experiments. We conclude that the next generation of CMB experiments will offer the possibility to detect the tSZ-kSZ-kSZ bispectrum at high signal-to-noise ration (S/N). This measurement will constraints the intra-cluster dynamics and the velocity field of galaxy cluster that is extremely sensitive to the growth rate of structures and thus to dark energy properties. Additionally, we also demonstrate that the tSZ-kSZ-kSZ bispectrum can be used to break the degeneracies between the mass-observable relation and the cosmological parameters to set tight constraints, up to 4%, on the Y − M relation calibration.
Key words: large-scale structure of Universe / cosmic background radiation / cosmological parameters / galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium / galaxies: clusters: general
© ESO, 2017