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Table 3

Average impact characteristics for 54 simulations with three different depths, two material types, and three orientations at impact for each of the five different angles of approach considered in our simulations.

Angle Traveled Time between Collision Maximum Incoming angle Speed at
distance impacts duration penetration depth at second impact second impact
1.2 m 84 s 6% 1.9% 359% 11.0 s 9.4 cm 32° 1.2 cm s−1
15° 2.7 m 86 s 11% 1.1% 142% 10.6 s 8.5 cm 48° 1.6 cm s−1
30° 6.0 m 153 s 17% 3.0% 54% 9.5 s 7.9 cm 54° 2.9 cm s−1
45° 10.1 m 231 s 26% 5.0% 58% 6.1 s 5.9 cm 56° 4.9 cm s−1
60° 19.7 m 295 s 41% 7.4% 45% 3.8 s 5.2 cm 61° 7.4 cm s−1

Notes. V, Erot, and Elin correspond respectively to MASCOT’s speed, rotational energy and linear energy, and out and in to outgoing and incoming values.

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