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Table 4

Average impact characteristics for 90 simulations with five different angles of approach, two material types, and three orientations at impact for each of the three depths considered inour simulations.

Depth Traveled Time Collision Maximum Incoming angle Speed before
distance between duration penetration before second impact
impacts depth second impact
15 cm 12.2 m 252 s 27% 4.6% 111% 5.5 s 4.5 cm 53° 5.0 cm s−1
30 cm 6.2 m 136 s 18% 3.6% 135% 9.1 s 8.5 cm 68° 3.2 cm s−1
40 cm 5.4 m 122 s 16% 2.9% 149% 10.0 s 9.2 cm 69° 2.7 cm s−1

Notes. V, Erot, and Elin correspond respectively to MASCOT’s speed, rotational energy and linear energy, and out and in to outgoing and incoming values.

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