EDP Sciences
Open Access

Table 5

Maximum values of different impact characteristics and initial conditions of the corresponding simulations.

Corresponding simulation
Characteristic Value
Friction Angle of impact Bed depth Orientation
Distance between first and second impacts 7800 cm Gravel 60° 15 cm Back-Corner-First
Time between first and second impacts 810 s Gravel 60° 15 cm Back-Corner-First
Speed before second impact 14 cm s−1 Gravel 60° 15 cm Back-Corner-First
Maximum penetration 20.2 cm Moderate 30° 30 cm Front-Corner-First

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.