Spectral variations of the symbiotic star V407 Cygni around light maximum of the secondary Mira variable in 2012⋆
1 Astronomical Observatory of Padova, Asiago Section, Osservatorio Astrofisico, 36012 Asiago (Vi), Italy
2 Nayoro Observatory, 157-1 Nisshin, Nayoro, 096-0066 Hokkaido, Japan
Received: 15 September 2016
Accepted: 7 January 2017
Context. The outburst of the symbiotic recurrent nova V407 Cyg in 2010 has been studied by numerous authors. On the other hand, its spectral variations in the quiescent stage have not been well studied yet. This paper is probably the first report for the relation between the pulsation of the secondary Mira variable and the temperature of the primary hot component for V407 Cyg.
Aims. The spectral variation in the post-outburst stage has been monitored to study the properties of this object. In the course of this work, we found some unexpected spectral variations around the light maximum of the secondary Mira variable in 2012. The relation between the mass transfer in the binary system and the pulsation of the secondary Mira variable is studied.
Methods. High- and low-resolution optical spectra obtained at the Astronomical Observatories at Asiago were used. The photometric data depend on the database of the VSNET.
Results. The secondary Mira variable reached its light maximum in 2012, when an absorption spectrum of a late-M-type giant developed and the emission line of Hδ became stronger than those of Hβ and Hγ, which are typical spectral features of Mira variables at light maxima. On the other hand, intensity ratios to Hβ of the emission lines of He I, He II, [Fe VII], etc., which obviously depended on the temperature of the hot component, rapidly varied around the light maximum. The intensity ratios started to decrease at phase about 0.9 of the periodical light variation of the Mira variable. This phenomenon suggests that the mass transfer rate, as well as the mass accretion rate onto the hot component, decreased according to the contraction of the Mira variable. However, these intensity ratios somewhat recovered just on the light maximum: phase 0.99. There might have occurred a temporal mass loss from the Mira variable at that time. The intensity ratios decreased again after the light maximum, then recovered and returned to the normal level at phase about 0.1. Since the mass transfer rate seems to have been closely related to the pulsation of the secondary component, the mass transfer in this binary system was likely due to a normal Roche-lobe overflow. If this is the case, the orbital period should be shorter than five years. Each of the Na I D1 and D2 lines had five emission and one absorption components around the light maximum. It seems that there were two pairs of mass outflows from the Mira variable with velocities of ± 79 km s-1 and ± 44 km s-1. These velocities were much higher than those of mass loss from usual Mira variables.
Key words: stars: individual: V407 Cyg / novae, cataclysmic variables / binaries: symbiotic
The reduced spectra (FITS files) are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/600/A96
© ESO, 2017