The structure of critically-rotating accreting stars
1 College of Physics, Guizhou University, Guiyang, 550025 Guizhou Province, PR China
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2 Geneva Observatory, University of Geneva, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
3 School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Kaili University, Kaili, 556011 Guizhou Province, PR China
4 College of Science, Jimei University, Xiamen city, 361021 Fujian Province, PR China
5 Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, PR China
Received: 25 September 2016
Accepted: 17 December 2016
Context. The structure characteristics of the critically-rotating accretor in binaries are investigated in this paper, on the basis of the potential function including rotational and tidal distortions.
Aims. Our aim is to investigate the structure of the accretor when the accreting star reaches the critical velocity.
Results. The traditional model merely included the hydrodynamical effect of rotation. When comparing this model with ours, we find that it is very necessary for the rapidly rotating accreting star to include the gravitational potentials from tides Ψtide, and the distortions of the star resulting from rotation Ψdis,rot. Furthermore, we find that the mean effective gravitational acceleration can be decreased in the distort model, and the star shifts towards low temperature and low luminosity. Rotation and tides can extend the convection zone below the surface, and reduce the convective core in the center of stars due to the Solberg-Hoiland criterion. Rotational distortions derived from Ψdis,rot can intensify the critical velocity whereas the tide force derived from Ψtide tends to reduce the critical velocity. Rapid rotation induced by mass transfer also causes the central temperature to decrease, and triggers efficient mixing which can significantly modify the H-profile.
Key words: binaries : close / stars: rotation / stars: evolution / stars: massive
© ESO, 2017