C. Gielen1,2⋆⋆⋆, J. Bouwman2, H. Van Winckel1, T. Lloyd Evans3, P. M. Woods4,5, F. Kemper6,4, M. Marengo7, M. Meixner8, G. C. Sloan9 and A. G. G. M. Tielens10
Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven,
2 Max Planck Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
3 SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SS, UK
4 Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, Alan Turing Building, School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
5 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
6 Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, PO Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R. O. C.
7 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, A313E Zaffarano, Ames, IA 50010, USA
8 Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
9 Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
10 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
Received: 29 May 2011
Accepted: 2 August 2011
Aims. In this paper we study the Spitzer and TIMMI2 infrared spectra of post-AGB disc sources, both in the Galaxy and the LMC. Using the observed infrared spectra we determine the mineralogy and dust parameters of the discs, and look for possible differences between the Galactic and extragalactic sources.
Methods. Modelling the full spectral range observed allows us to determine the dust species present in the disc and different physical parameters such as grain sizes, dust abundance ratios, and the dust and continuum temperatures.
Results. We find that all the discs are dominated by emission features of crystalline and amorphous silicate dust. Only a few sample sources show features due to CO2 gas or carbonaceous molecules such as PAHs and C60 fullerenes. Our analysis shows that dust grain processing in these discs is strong, resulting in large average grain sizes and a very high crystallinity fraction. However, we do not find any correlations between the derived dust parameters and properties of the central source. There also does not seem to be a noticeable difference between the mineralogy of the Galactic and LMC sources. Even though the observed spectra are very similar to those of protoplanetary discs around young stars, showing similar mineralogy and strong grain processing, we do find evidence for differences in the physical and chemical processes of the dust processing.
Key words: stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: evolution / circumstellar matter / binaries: general
Based on observations obtained at the European Southern Observatory (ESO), La Silla, observing program 072.D-0263 and 077.D-0555, and on observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope (program id 3274 and 50092), which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with NASA.
Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2011